G 8 G M U   

The  Morse  Code

A 'dash'  ( )
           is equal to three 'dots'  ( • • •  ).
The space between the dots and/or dashes forming
 the same letter, is equal to one dot.
The space between letters in a word is equal to three dots.
The space between words is equal to seven dots.
When reading the Morse Code out loud, get the rhythm
right by saying  'dah'  for a dash and  'di'  for a dot.
If the dot is the last element of a letter,
pronounce it 'dit'. Dahs !!!!

Morse Code
Morse Phonetic
NATO Phonetic
or Comment
A   di-dah Alpha
Ä       di-dah-di-dah .
Á        di-dah-dah-di-dah .
B         dah-di-di-dit Bravo
C       dah-di-dah-dit Charlie
CH         dah-dah-dah-dah .
D       dah-di-dit Delta
E    dit Echo
É         di-di-dah-di-dit .
F         di-di-dah-dit Foxtrot
G     dah-dah-dit Golf
H       di-di-di-dit Hotel
I     di-dit India
J         di-dah-dah-dah Juliet
K     dah-di-dah Kilo
L       di-dah-di-dit Lima
M   dah-dah Mike
N     dah-dit November
Ñ         dah-dah-di-dah-dah .
O      dah-dah-dah Oscar
Ö         dah-dah-dah-dit .
P          di-dah-dah-dit Papa
Q       dah-dah-di-dah Quebec
R     di-dah-dit Romeo
S       di-di-dit Sierra
T dah Tango
U     di-di-dah Uniform
Ü       di-di-dah-dah .
V       di-di-di-dah Victor
W     di-dah-dah Whiskey
X       dah-di-di-dah X-Ray
Y        dah-di-dah-dah Yankee
Z         dah-dah-di-dit Zulu
1           di-dah-dah-dah-dah Wun  (One)
2         di-di-dah-dah-dah Too  (Two)
3         di-di-di-dah-dah Ther ree  (Three)
4         di-di-di-di-dah Fower  (Four)
5           di-di-di-di-dit Fife  (Five)
6           dah-di-di-di-dit Six  (Six)
7         dah-dah-di-di-dit Se   ven  (Seven)
8           dah-dah-dah-di-dit Ait  (Eight)
9         dah-dah-dah-dah-dit Niner  (Nine)
0         dah-dah-dah-dah-dah Zero  (or Nought)
Full Stop .           di-dah-di-dah-di-dah .
Comma ,           dah-dah-di-di-dah-dah .
Error               di-di-di-di-di-di-di-dit Erase
preceding character
Query ?           di-di-dah-dah-di-dit .
Understood         di-di-di-dah-dit See note 1
Invitation to transmit     dah-di-dah Think :
Please  reply
Starting a message         dah-di-dah-di-dah Think : 
I am going to start
Bracket  (
        dah-di-dah-dah-dit .
Bracket  )
          dah-di-dah-dah-di-dah .
Colon or   :
division sign    
           dah-dah-dah-di-di-dit See note 2
Oblique Stroke   /
or division sign     
          dah-di-di-dah-dit See note 2
Apostrophe  '           di-dah-dah-dah-dah-dit .
Marks  "
          di-dah-di-di-dah-dit Use before and  
after the words
Hyphen  -
or minus sign
          dah-di-di-di-di-dah .
Cross  +
or addition sign
        di-dah-di-dah-dit End of a message
sign  X
      dah-di-di-dah the letter X
Hyphen  =
        dah-di-di-di-dah See note 3
Wait         di-dah-di-di-dit See note 4
End of Work
for an indefinite
period of time
          di-di-di-dah-di-dah See note 5

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1.  Understood  - this character is also used to indicate the beginning of work - for example, from a land based radio station at the start of a series of transmissions to ships. A more commonly used character for 'message received and understood' is the letter 'R'.
Back to Understood

2.   Division Sign - no, I don't know why there are two ways of sending a division sign !  I use the ' / ' .
Back to Division Sign

3.   Equals Sign or double-hyphen - this character (=) is also used to indicate a short break between transmissions. It's a sort of 'hang on a second, I'll be back', or, the next section of the message follows.
If you're in need of a short break, try saying 'dah-di-di-di-dah' and feel the benefit !
Back to Double Hyphen

4.   Wait - this character is used to indicate an indeterminate but short break between transmissions. It's a sort of 'hang on a minute, I'll be back when I've sorted this out'. You might use it if you broke your pencil, or the boss came in to tell you the message had been changed.
Back to Wait

5.   End of Work - this character is sent to indicate the end of transmissions for an indefinite period of time.
Back to End of Work

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